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About the institute - arbitration institute

There has since been a real voldgiftsinstitution in Denmark, which has participated in the resolution of disputes of various kindsIn the time that is gone, gathered a considerable knowledge on arbitration proceedings and on the composition of arbitral tribunals in relation to both national and international arbitration. Arbitration institute, which is a non-profit independent institution, was founded in with the participation of The Danish bar Association, Danish association of engineers (The Danish magistrates association, SMWdanmark and Ingeniørsammenslutningen. The Danish Construction association, the IT industry Association, Danish Industry, the Association of Chartered Accountants, the Danish shipowners association, Danish Industries and the Danish Association for Arbitration is later joined in the circle of the organisations behind the arbitration institute. Voldgiftsinstituttets purpose is, as it is said in section two of the foundation's statute, the work of the arbitration in accordance with the board rules adopted to this effect by the arbitral tribunals appointed by the arbitration institute of the individual case. The rules of arbitration were revised in in order to bring the rules in line with common international standard, and again in with a view to bringing the rules in line with the arbitration law, which was adopted in Denmark in. may. Arbitration institute shall, by the appointment of the arbitrators due regard to the qualifications which the parties have agreed that the arbitrator should have, and factors that may ensure the appointment of an independent and impartial arbitrator. In cases where not all the parties to the dispute are resident in the same country, arbitration institute to appoint an arbitrator, which has its registered office in a country other than that of any of the parties, unless the parties have agreed otherwise. The institute is looking at the composition of each arbitral tribunal to ensure that it reaches the best possible, objective and materially correct decision. Voldgiftsretterne shall be composed of persons who possess the highest legal and professional expertise and enjoy general recognition within their field. Arbitration institute follows as far as possible, the wishes the parties may have by the choice of the arbitrator. Arbitration institute can also contribute to the mediation by the board of directors in, the agreed rules in this regard. The staff regulations and rules are available on the website. The staff regulations are available in Danish and English The rules are drawn up in Danish, English, German, French, chinese, and Russian. On the website are also recommendations relating to the wording of the arbitration and mediationsklausuler as well as overviews of, respectively, fees of arbitrators and mediators, as well as a handling fee to the arbitration institute. Any dispute, whatever its nature, both national and international, is thus within the workspace of the arbitration institute designated arbitration tribunals. The subject of the arbitration courts, appointed by the arbitration institute is not limited, apart from the issues of mandatory law may be filed only to the ordinary courts. Arbitration institute is a tool to in a satisfactory way to resolve disputes with the benefits which arbitration proceedings involves. The institute's rules for simplified voldgiftsproces and whether the mediation should meet the business needs of a more informal, freer and less costly resolution of disputes. Arbitration institute shall be headed by a board appointed by a number of support organisations. The administration and the daily operation of the arbitration institute is undertaken by a secretariat, which also manages the proceedings, until the arbitral tribunal is appointed.

Political parties in Denmark, the free encyclopedia

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(Read here about the sitenotice) The political parties in Denmark are not mentioned in the constitution, which provides a framework for the political system in DenmarkNevertheless, they play a big role in the political life. Rules and conditions of the policy in Denmark, as in many other countries, more than the written rules in the constitution. Tradition, practical considerations and the general development in society is to a large extent to set the conditions for political life. With the -constitution, Denmark got its first democratic parliament, the Rigsdag, comprising the Folketing and the Landsting.

In the beginning, there were no parties, but gradually began mps with the same positions to form clubs, where they met and discussed.

In the beginning, the clubs are loosely organized, but gradually they got a firmer shape.

The clubs formed the basis of the parties, which was formed around.

The Conservative people's Party (ex.

Right) and the Left (ex.

The united Left) occurred both as such clubs in the Rigsdag, i.e. as associations of folketingsmænd, which was already selected. In the beginning worked the two parties, only here.

First, the later chapters - in the form of groups of voters.

The social democrats were, in contrast to the Right and The united Left, formed outside the Rigsdag. The party built up from the start, a strong partiorganisation. century are a number of parties occurred at, a folketingsgruppe has been torn, while other parties have been formed by a number of people have joined together, either because they shared the same sense of community or in protest against specific cases. Such association founded outside the Danish Parliament has subsequently tried to be elected into the Assembly. The members of the Danish parties are individuals, not business organizations, trade unions or similar. In turn, samples each batch to enlist as many members as possible.

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One speaks therefore also of the Danish parties as massepartier.

The parties shall, as a rule, no special conditions to the people who want to join. However, the member must, as a rule, comply with the party's articles of association, agree with and loyal to the party's program and only be a member of one party at a time.

All members are part of a local chapter, or vælgerforening.

Vælgerforeningerne is to disseminate the party's views in the population, fol. by recruiting new members. At the same time backs them up behind the party's representatives in both municipalities, the Danish Parliament. they are to nominate candidates f. by her, and to characterize the opstillingsordenen to choice.

In addition do they work as polling staff in the choice, ie.

is with to counting and control. The major parties have chapters in all the constituencies and or municipalities, the smaller in the individual counties or perhaps only in certain parts of the country. The local chapters together constitute the party's landsorganisation. If the party has representatives in Parliament, they form an independent group, the parliamentary group, which regularly holds meetings on the work of the Parliament. Similarly, for municipal and regionsspolitikere a byrådsgruppe and regionsrådsgruppe. The supreme authority of the parties is landsmødet, where representatives from all levels of the party gather to discuss the broad policy lines. There is a difference in how often these meetings are held, typically once every second year. Landsmødet choose an executive committee and possibly an executive committee, which takes care of the decisions between landsmøderne. At the Party called the supreme authority of 'congress'. In The Conservative Party 'council'. Enhedslisten and Dansk Folkeparti prefer the name annual meeting. The other parties call their upper authority for a national convention. Most of the political parties to work on the basis of a party program. One can distinguish between two types: Principprogrammer and work programmes. Principprogrammet contains the party's overall and basic positions. The work programme are more concrete and serves as a working tool in the everyday.

Here is a description of the party's political plans for the near future in a number of areas of society.

There is a big difference in how many kind of applications a party is, and how often they are reviewed.

The party shall adopt, periodically both principprogrammer and overall work programmes.

Other parties have a unity of the classical liberal identity and a number of work programmes on various topics.

The parties positions, however, the expression in other places than in the partiprogrammerne, bl. through the speech in the newspapers and tv, campaign material, statements from the Parliamentary rostrum. Principprogrammet adopted by the party's supreme authority. It usually happens after an extensive debate at all levels in the party, it will say in the chapters, the executive council, the party leadership and the leadership. Some parties establish a programme committee to make a proposal for a new classical liberal identity. Others let the leadership about it. The work programmes are however, often adopted by either of the party's central executive committee or folketingsgruppe. The party's top authority or the main board may adopt opinions in which the party relates to a particular case or development. The opinion can be broad or narrowly focused on a particular topic. In both cases, the opinion has the same meaning as it is in the program. The parties have different approaches in the question of who determines the party's policy in the Danish Parliament. In some parties, it is folketingsgruppens members.

In the other is the national organization and or the main board.

In The Socialist People's Party determines the main board of the leadership. In The Conservative Party is the leadership, which alone determine the policy of the Thing. In section reads: 'the members of the folketing are bound by their conviction and not by any precept of their constituents. Nevertheless, it is expected that the members of the folketing follows the line that the party has agreed on. The parties have different practices, where large deviations from the party line that will be accepted. In general one can say that most of the parties believe that there must be room for individual statements, but at the same time rarely allowing members to publicly speak of perceptions, that is completely different than the party's, just as it is not generally accepted, that they are voting against the party line in Parliament. In certain 'sensitive issues' ask the parties, however, their members are free, ie. they don't have to vote alike, but can follow their convictions. the case, as The parliament should decide whether there should be raised impeachment of former justice minister Erik Ninn-Hansen in connection with the Head. A legislator can be excluded from the party - but can't the party be expelled out of the Parliament.

No the charter or the signed agreement may bind a member of Parliament to something which can force this to deliver its mandate.

The political parties are not mentioned in the constitution. But with the electoral law of, and included officially in the general election. The principle behind the Danish electoral system is proportional representation.

It means that a party will get representatives in the Parliament in proportion to how many votes the party gets in the whole country, and not only in relation to how many votes the party's candidate in the constituency where he or she sets out.

The country is divided into ten storkredse who choose of the seats in the Parliament. The forty symbolic status is distributed out from how many votes the parties have gained at the national level. with to to ensure that the party votes shall be distributed as fairly as possible. In order to take part in the tillægsmandaterne, the parties must clear one of these three spærreregler: Regions that are mentioned in the second rule is: the Capital city, Sealand-southern denmark and mid-Jutland-north Jutland. Most of the candidates at the folketingsvalgene standing as representatives of a party.

Of the candidates who ran in, was only twelve set out without them.

While the candidates of a party only must be approved by the same batch to make up, so there are several requirements for those who are standing outside the political parties. First, candidates must be recommended by at least voters in the opstillingskredsen. Secondly, they must win at least one of the kredsmandater to get in the Parliament. It happens extremely rarely. Since the s it is only managed for His Schmidt in and Jacob Haugaard in. The latter got at the elections in. For comparison, the prime minister Poul Nyrup Rasmussen from the Social democrats got. votes at the same election. The parties can choose their candidates either kredsvis or side-by-side. In the kredsvise establishment process, the candidate all the votes cast at the party in opstillingskredsen plus the personal votes, he gets in the whole storkredsen. The kredsvise setting can be complemented with the establishment of the party, where there is a priority between the candidates in advance. The selection of candidates is often carried out by her in the party. It happens only rarely that a candidate gets votes enough to be elected outside of the partilistens order. It's called 'blow up multiple occasions'. In the parallel arrangement is not the priority between the candidates in advance. The difference from the kredsvise erection is, to partistemmerne not going to circle a candidate, but distributed on all the candidates in proportion to their personal votes. A majority of parties using this opstillingsmetode. Socialist people's Party, by contrast, has often notified party list. Most parties leave it to the regional office or vælgerforeningen in the circuits to establish the party's folketingskandidat. It is the members of the parties that determines who will be placed to the Parliament, regional and city councils.

Valgsystemets the rules for the establishment goes back to the time where a large part of the population was organized in a batch.

We have retained these rules, although its membership has declined significantly in recent decades. Today, it is thus about nine percent of the electorate who determines who can be voted on in the elections. At the same time, there are fewer, that is a member of the party, as they ticked by on election day. It is especially in the 'young' parties, to organisationsprocenten is low. The center-the Democrats had in a organisationsprocent at.

In the progress party and the Socialist people's Party was the number three.

The 'old' parties are doing better. The corresponding numbers for f. The left is approx. Compared with other countries the turnout at the general election in Denmark is high.

percent of the electorate votes.

At the municipal elections is the turnout approx.